General Education

Outline of General Education

In 2012, Nagasaki university began to call “university-wide education” for the first and second grades “general education.” This was an expression of our strong will to make a major change in conventional education. The beginning of liberal arts education can be traced back to the establishment of new university curricula in 1948 and 1949, when they were divided into general education and specialized education. General education, also called liberal arts education, was introduced to provide the necessary general education for modern people, and was responsible for university education immediately after admission. With the passage of time, this objective has, however, become less and less enforced, and a liberal arts education consisting of natural, social, and humanistic sciences has become common. In addition to this, the abolition of liberal arts department in 1991, when the standards for the establishment of universities were made more general, led to a reevaluation of the meaning of liberal arts education. At that time, Nagasaki university recognized the importance of liberal arts education, and tried to enhance it by assigning all faculty members to be in charge of it, but this resulted in the accumulation of dissatisfaction with liberal arts education among students and faculty. On the other hand, in this universal age where the majority of the population of 18-year-olds are enrolled in universities, the significance of general education as a foundation for developing the various skills required in the future society has begun to be recognized again. In other words, it has been in the spotlight as the foundation of forming various skills, such as critical spirit and inquiry skills. After repeated discussions, it was agreed to break away from liberal arts education and to base a foundation for forming the various skills required in the 21st century society, and it was decided to conduct General Education as a place for self-directed learning, mainly through the method of active learning.

Nagasaki University provides the General Education as follows, in order to nurture human resources who will become leaders in the international society.

1. Students learn how to study at the university through the required courses of general education, also develop their communication skills in English and other languages, and cultivate the ability to think and communicate self-directedly.

2. Students develop the ability to raise themselves, the power to change, and the attitude of mutually enlightening as well as the attitude of respect for learning. They also improve the ability to explore issues.

3. In conjunction with specialized education, we contribute to the formation of the abilities and attitudes that each faculty fosters.

4. The University organically combines these general education and specialized education to achieve the diploma policies (policies for graduation approval and degree conferral).

未来社会を⽣きる⼈材の育成にあたって、まず、どの学部を卒業しても獲得すべき学⼠課程の共有学⼠像を決めました。それは、次の 4 点です。
  1. 研究者や専⾨職業⼈としての基盤的知識を持つ⼈
  2. ⾃ら学び、考え、主張し、⾏動変⾰できる⼈
  3. 環境や多様性の保全に貢献できる⼈
  4. 地球と地域社会及び将来世代に貢献できる⼈

即ち、これらの能⼒・態度の基盤の形成が、本学の教養教育の⽬標となります。これらは、社会⼈基礎⼒や 21 世紀型スキルと共通する部分が多く、具体的にはそれらに⽰されている「批判的精神」、「探究⼒」、「チームワーク⼒」、そして、「⼀歩前に進む⼒」などの能⼒・態度を育成する内容となっています。

具体的には、⼤学教育への転換科⽬となる「教養ゼミナール」、情報社会を⽣きる基礎を学ぶ「情報処理科⽬」、⻑い⼈⽣を通した健康を考える「健康・スポーツ科⽬」、英語コミュニケーション⼒を向上させる「英語コミュニケーション」、中国語、韓国語、フランス語、そして、ドイツ語を学ぶ「初習外国語科⽬」、上述した諸能⼒・態度育成を前⾯に打ち出した「全学モジュール科⽬」と「学部モジュール科⽬」、⾃⼰の興味・関⼼に応じたり、能⼒の伸張や不⾜を補うための「⾃由選択科⽬」、さらには、留学⽣の皆さんに開かれてい る「留学⽣⽤科⽬」の 8 科⽬から編成されています。この中で、特筆すべきはモジュ ール科⽬です。これは、本学が独⾃に考案した科⽬であり、新しい⼤学教育のあり⽅を⽰したものと⾃負しています。